Beyond Carbon-Centric Climate

Fumarole associated with the Hengill Volcano, Iceland. Although it has been many centuries since this volcano last erupted, hot springs and fumaroles continue to vent heat and various gases into the atmosphere (2006 photograph by Hansueli Krapf, Wikimedia Commons).
  1. varying degrees of solar radiation
  2. Milankovitch cycles
  3. continental configurations (affecting where cold and warm ocean currents flow)
  4. levels of atmospheric water vapor and long term cloud cover patterns
  5. geological emissions of water vapor, sulfur dioxide, methane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and other gases



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Will Sarvis

Will Sarvis


Author of Embracing Philanthropic Environmentalism and other books.